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CentOS中Git客户端怎么安装

时间:2016-11-30 16:22:57 作者:andy 来源:linux 阅读:

git属于分布式版本控制系统:客户端并不只提取最新版本的文件快照,而是把原始的代码仓库完整地镜像下来。那么CentOS中Git客户端怎么安装呢?今天小编与大家分享下CentOS中Git客户端安装的具体操作步骤,有需要的朋友不妨了解下。

CentOS中Git客户端安装方法

目前的项目使用了GIT来进行版本管理,所以学习一下GIT的安装也是应该的了。本文介绍的是编译安装git1.9.0。虽然现在已经到2.6了。

所有命令请在root下进行。

第一步,安装依赖包。

在开始编译安装git之前,首先应该安装好必要的依赖包,省得在安装过程中出现各种问题。

代码如下:

#yum install curl-devel expat-devel gettext-devel openssl-devel zlib-devel gcc perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker

第二步,下载并编译git。

你可以从kernel.org上下载自己需要的版本,或者直接像我这样下载1.9.0版本。

切换到src目录,下载并解压git源码。

代码如下:

#cd /usr/src

wget https://www.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/git-1.9.0.tar.gz

tar xzf git-1.9.0.tar.gz

进入到解压出的git目录,执行编译。

代码如下:

#cd git-1.9.0

# make prefix=/usr/local/git all

# make prefix=/usr/local/git install

# echo "export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/git/bin" >> /etc/bashrc

# source /etc/bashrc

第三步,完成。

现在你已经成功安装好了git,可以执行以下命令查看git版本。

代码如下:

# git --version

现在的fedora22中已经自带了git2.4以上的版本。

简单配置

我们生成公钥并复制到服务器上:

代码如下:

[root@test ~]# ssh-keygen -t rsa

Generating public/private rsa key pair.

Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_rsa):

Created directory '/root/.ssh'.

Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):

Enter same passphrase again:

Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.

Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.

The key fingerprint is:

48:3c:22:76:02:f1:a2:e5:27:22:cb:4f:a7:a0:98:9d root@test.com

[root@test ~]# cat .ssh/id_rsa.pub

ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAABIwAAAQEAwrmgNAca77BKzXl6BP11fdaclAoWfW+x4kPDZMPj1zFoML9JfOAS7DGY9quLMitwwfg5+U7zP/egPmAhSKCECubmodzMucnRSkJGgKCt1SlctRNDRN3OIvrecAtdZfDcBaWKLjaVzGPmhweLhr6HzfqeZU09Ccis4yK3RMwip2f+K1ZZVIOKUmL4AVFl9dqtxnQ4HlW61PUxvM/ug2M68Z0jQk5DVG8w5+dvGqX1qr5YABD1NX5Jz6aUbVVx7yyoORENxu6SK83GI/V7eOkrvBMDh9nDdwvDhPhuhBDSfE+Xi92hPJPKdNroF1vx8HMvpHME20MmjSwavPrz+B18MQ== root@test.com

下面我们复制id_rsa.pub里的公钥到服务器的authorized_keys文件中。

代码如下:

[root@git ~]# su git

bash-3.2$ cd

bash-3.2$ vim .ssh/authorized_keys

ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAABIwAAAQEAwMU4FKB6NRc3XSoIunWsdvVVuSoncbVb5Al6lB3ciswBVd++YmJFhqwkITNGccrO5sycROs9+Fbjgd6oBSzNuaBtCIbwNNsEyM/henTl2euI3XsnJQ/ITr6c/q0P3WoGl4E2QFQ2kZqs+1eDC0CgHcBrqvFv1Jr414sVYK9lfZwIF+jDdtaBOrSJuq1Agx9pGUFUEB4tQfkXxsWm/MvOmKAVvduKDE1eenUEL9zzyeELPcSXLe3NOoTjZhkX6EEXxQR1ZiZRFywLpfM4qopZ10to2KIUyVtzw6hx6V3cg7kn40lYVW0EAMATw9dVldwcRUI+kJzJSKUTKDVSwY3/+Q== root@CHENMINGQIAN

ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAABIwAAAQEAsmmJuR+KhRSpdSirCiL30RA8WbfgicY1z7itWVnKHJW6hTuJFhzruY59FilVjJR1hbQBluP9JnK3XPSK9PSg+bwiJ2iQRa39rXck35r+trVOLyNbPyfKVRfOemD8YuykMlyr5JeW8gZjsHEuLnJ8//RiCiYzd3RT/SSUQ4yawDoIIWkz3eUSL09xoCRZFBsAp+S/LD3vx2MN+FNOHwvqcE+yK3oRNIqjWwLoKE0e5TRnqNgrPQ95PJYB3XPUulzaeMwsWPZs7jIUMl/5yEqSgAkioa8SVMOsikYJG/erv99NNVgFmpCBIiWqKEGkNrIpYzLLHDSYQ4g5Gbci/RZ54Q== Administrator@WIN2003X323

ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAABIwAAAQEA6NwUHeNNi+PC6KlrcJrXXDmKxRMmgHIPp79sgX6zqfdSlmNj7rBPQeyEKS9Wg8yI6jd8aG2jsUx99Vjti2VK2vEXKkRHxwID7ri69gE71RfDtv6ekafnzLo14J8hAp0spMk+N3wEAQRYDmcYo1wmnm/jMBedGrHj4NJQ1vYy1hVtJasGMSzjcMrlz9qvaluWnQ5tQjKFQVVwKsRRRzs8qTvzVhLJt4NQ+CAN45tqfsRuf58Uba9QNK7/6xSUiIKXQiILz8PMGJ3MnlV+eN3wx2aeztdevxu9plggtG05SMmd8GNVzXrN1IaxXSvz0UwjQ2kygu7aCqO8AZWH49rouw== leo@LEO-PC

ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAABIwAAAQEAwrmgNAca77BKzXl6BP11fdaclAoWfW+x4kPDZMPj1zFoML9JfOAS7DGY9quLMitwwfg5+U7zP/egPmAhSKCECubmodzMucnRSkJGgKCt1SlctRNDRN3OIvrecAtdZfDcBaWKLjaVzGPmhweLhr6HzfqeZU09Ccis4yK3RMwip2f+K1ZZVIOKUmL4AVFl9dqtxnQ4HlW61PUxvM/ug2M68Z0jQk5DVG8w5+dvGqX1qr5YABD1NX5Jz6aUbVVx7yyoORENxu6SK83GI/V7eOkrvBMDh9nDdwvDhPhuhBDSfE+Xi92hPJPKdNroF1vx8HMvpHME20MmjSwavPrz+B18MQ== root@test.com

下面我们clone一个仓库到本地的目录中。

代码如下:

[root@test ~]# cd /data/dev

[root@test dev]# git clone git@git.jjhh.com:/data/git/project.git

Cloning into 'project'...

The authenticity of host 'git.jjhh.com (114.112.173.150)' can't be established.

RSA key fingerprint is ca:ec:a2:7e:e6:89:ca:19:d3:93:7f:4b:c3:c0:c7:fd.

Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes

Warning: Permanently added 'git.jjhh.com,114.112.173.150' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.

remote: Counting objects: 50, done.

remote: Compressing objects: 100% (42/42), done.

remote: Total 50 (delta 21), reused 0 (delta 0)

Receiving objects: 100% (50/50), 4.02 KiB, done.

Resolving deltas: 100% (21/21), done.

[root@test dev]# ls

project

[root@test dev]# cd project/

[root@test project]# ls

index.html

好了,到这里我们的git客户端到这里就全部安装完成了。

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